WWA resources

While rapid attribution studies are published before peer review in order to release the results soon after events have taken place, many World Weather Attribution studies are subsequently published in peer-reviewed journals. 

We have also published methodological papers that are not about a specific event.

A full list of our peer-reviewed studies is given below.

Links to peer-reviewed papers for specific events are also included in the sidebar of analysis web pages.

World Weather Attribution papers

Uhe, P et al. (2016) Comparison of methods: Attributing the 2014 record European temperatures to human influences. Geophysical Research Letters. doi: 10.1002/2016GL069568

Sippel, S et al. (2016) The role of anthropogenic warming in 2015 central European heat waves. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0149

Otto, F.E.L et al. (2018)  Climate change increases the probability of heavy rains like those of storm Desmond in the UK – an event attribution study in near-real time. Environmental Research Letters. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa9663

Otto, F.E.L et. al. (2016) Factors other than climate change, main drivers of 2014/15 water shortage in south east Brazil. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 96 (12): 51–56. doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00120.1

van Oldenborgh, G.J et al. (2016) The heavy precipitation event of December 2015 in Chennai, India. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 97(12): 87–91.  doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-16-0129.1

van der Wiel, K et al. (2017) Rapid attribution of the August 2016 flood-inducing extreme precipitation in south Louisiana to climate change. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 21: 897-921. doi: 10.5194/hess-21-897-2017

van Oldenborgh, G.J et al. (2017) Attribution of extreme rainfall from Hurricane Harvey, August 2017. Environmental Research Letters, 12: 124009. doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/aa9ef2

Uhe, P et al. (2017) Attributing drivers of the 2016 Kenyan drought. International Journal of Climatology. doi: 10.1002/joc.5389

Philip, S.Y et al. (2018) Attribution Analysis of the Ethiopian Drought of 2015. Journal of Climate. doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-17-0274.1

Philip, S.Y et al. (2018) Validation of a Rapid Attribution of the May/June 2016 Flood-Inducing Precipitation in France to Climate Change. Journal of Hydrometeorology. doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/JHM-D-18-0074.1 

van Oldenborgh, G.J et al. (2018) Extreme heat in India and anthropogenic climate change. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-18-365-2018

Vautard, R et al. (2019) Human influence on European winter wind storms such as those of January 2018. Earth System Dynamics. doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-10-271-2019

Luu, L.N et al. (2021) Attribution of typhoon-induced torrential precipitation in Central Vietnam, October 2020. Climatic Change, 169: 24. doi: 10.1007/s10584-021-03261-3

Ciavarella, A et al. (2021) Prolonged Siberian heat of 2020 almost impossible without human influence. Climatic Change. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-021-03052-w

Philip, S.Y (2022) Rapid attribution analysis of the extraordinary heat wave on the Pacific coast of the US and Canada in June 2021. Earth System Dynamics. doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-13-1689-2022

Li, S. and Otto, F.E.L. (2022) The role of human-induced climate change in heavy rainfall events such as the one associated with Typhoon Hagibis. Climatic Change, 172: 7. doi: 10.1007/s10584-022-03344-9

Harrington, L.J et al. (2022) Limited role of climate change in extreme low rainfall associated with southern Madagascar food insecurity, 2019–21. Environmental Research: Climate. doi: 10.1088/2752-5295/aca695

Otto, F.E.L et al. (2023) Climate change increased extreme monsoon rainfall, flooding highly vulnerable communities in Pakistan. Environmental Research: Climate. doi: 10.1088/2752-5295/acbfd5

Vautard, R et al. (2023) Human influence on growing-period frosts like in early April 2021 in central France. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences. doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/nhess-23-1045-2023

Methodological papers

Zachariah, M et al. (2023) Attribution of the 2015 drought in Marathwada, India from a multivariate perspective. Weather and Climate Extremes. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wace.2022.100546

van Oldenborgh, G.J et al. (2022) Attributing and Projecting Heatwaves Is Hard: We Can Do Better. Earth’s Future. doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2021EF002271

Otto, F.E.L et al. (2022) How to Provide Useful Attribution Statements: Lessons Learned from Operationalizing Event Attribution in Europe. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. doi: https://doi.org/10.1175/BAMS-D-21-0267.1

van Oldenborgh, G.J et al. (2021) Pathways and pitfalls in extreme event attribution. Climatic Change. doi: 10.1007/s10584-021-03071-7

Philip, S.Y et al. (2020) A protocol for probabilistic extreme event attribution analyses. Advances in Statistical Climatology, Meteorology and Oceanography. doi: https://doi.org/10.5194/ascmo-6-177-2020

Haustein, K et al. (2017). A real-time Global Warming Index. Scientific Reports. doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-14828-5