Two years on from Storm Desmond, all measurements from that time have been made available allowing scientists to revisit their original attribution analysis and demonstrate the robustness of the approach.
This year’s summer in Western Europe and the Euro-Mediterranean region has been remarkable in several aspects. Early summer heat during much of June affected western European countries (in particular, France, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, England, Portugal and Spain).
June 2017 was marked by high temperatures across Western Europe, with heatwaves triggering national heat-health plans and wildfires requiring evacuations in Portugal and Spain.
Severe winter weather struck southeastern Europe, with extreme cold and snow in Italy, the Balkans and Turkey. This caused many accidents on roads, school closures, and cancelled flights. The Danube river and Bosporus sea strait were closed for shipping.
Torrential rainfall ravaged parts of central and northeastern France and southern Germany, forcing the evacuation of thousands — some in kayaks and canoes.